This description is a preliminary draft and is subject to change without notice
Uppsala University Library, Gr. 28B (Olim Benzelius 2)
Composite manuscript with mainly epistolographic contents, in two volumes (together with Gr. 28A)
Constantinople, the mid-14th c.
ii, 225, ii' ff.
220 × 145 mm
The text breaks off abruptly at the foot of the page.
f. 402v is blank.
Comprises sixteen excerpts from Carmen 7, namely the following tetrastichoi according to Emmanuel Miller’ edition: No. 1, 45, 44, 41, 15, 24, 19, 38, 43 (lines 10–13), 39, 40, 11, 21, 42, 14, 16 (lines 1–8).
f. 456v is blank.
Foliation partly in ink, partly in pencil: 226–456.
Unit I:Q29–324.IVf.257 + Q33(II-1post f.258)f.260
Signatures:In the upper right margin of the first recto and, a couple of times also in the lower right margin of the last verso. In red ink on f. 269r βʹ; in brown ink on the following pages: γʹ f. 277r δʹ f. 285r εʹ ff. 293r, 300v ϛʹ ff. 301r, 308v ζʹ ff. 309r, 316v
Unit III:Q41–477.IVf.372 + Q48IIIf.378
Signatures:Traces of quire signatures on f. 332v (lower right margin, in brown), and on f. 355r (upper right margin, in red).
Unit VI:Q52–554.IVf.434 + Q56IIIf.440
Signatures:For the most part given in the lower center margin of last verso and first recto; the Gamma also in the upper right margin of the first recto: βʹ ff. 411r, 418v γʹ ff. 419r, 426v δʹ ff. 427r, 434v εʹ f. 435r
Unit VIII:A quaternion pieced together from restored leaves.
In Q29 and Q31–32: the same
In Q41–48: the same as
In Q49–50: the same
of the same kind asMošin-Traljić Bélier 1124, Bélier 1124Bélier 1127, Bélier 1127Bélier 1129Bélier 1129. 1350–1368
In Q51: the same
In Q52–55: the same
Unit I:ff. 226r–260v Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria (PLP no. 29896.), who is the main scribe and the organizer of this volume as well as of its sister volume, Codex Upsaliensis graecus 28A. Writes in a distinct digraphic way, with one more calligraphic variant, suggestive of the Metochitesstil, and one more narrow and cursive minuscule.
Unit II:ff. 261r:1–261:6, 277r–316v Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria. Responsible for the first few lines and the second half of the unit, as well as marginal lemmata in the quires composed for the rest by Scribe C. His initiating the text in his spruce minuscule on ff. 261r–261 would seem to indicate a tutor-pupil, or supervisor-subordinate, relationship between the two scribes. ff. 261r:7–276v Scribe C, another collaborator of Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria, as is also evident from marginal notes by the latter, present on the same pages. The hand is a mid-fourteenth century ornate cursive minuscule, with a tendency to let the up- and downstrokes colonize the margins and the space between lines. The impression is a densely woven fabric.
Unit III:ff. 317r–378v Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria.
Unit IV:ff. 379r–394v Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria.
Unit V:ff. 395r–396r, 399r–402r Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria. The rubrics on f. 396v and f. 398v are also in his hand. f. 402v is blank. ff. 396v–398v Scribe B, collaborator to Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria. Displays a cursive minuscule script is not altogether different from the cursive variant of the main hand. Scribe B has contributed also in quires Q9, Q13–14, and Q18 in Gr. 28A.
Unit VI:ff. 403r–437r Scribe D, collaborator to Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria, with the exception of the first title and a few lines on the last page. Writes in so-called Metochitesstil. Resembles Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria’s more calligraphic variant of writing. ff. 437v–440v Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria. He also contributed the title on f. 403r and added a few lines mid-page on f. 437r.
Unit VII:ff. 441r–448v Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria.
Unit VIII:ff. 449r–456v Scribe A, Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria.
Titles, initials, marginalia and a plethora of interlinear glosses in red ink. Most initials are plain or with just a small flourish. On (f. 226) a simple headpiece made up from a couple of lines and two trefoils.
Titles, initials, and marginal lemmata in red ink. Little or no flourish at all on initials.
Decoration sparse: on the first page, (f. 317r), a title in red ink, a headpiece in the form of a single wavy line with dots and end flowers, and the only more ornamented initial, six lines in height. Otherwise, red initials are fairly plain. The triangular-shaped text ending on (f. 377r) is accompanied by a couple of red crosses. Paragraph numbers have been added secondarily in the margins, in a pale brown ink (αʹ–ρλδʹ). No glosses.
Titles and plain red initials in red ink. A few reading signs in the margins, written in the same dark brown ink as the main text.
Titles, initials, and marginalia in red ink. A headpiece in red on (f. 403r), displaying a double frame, a wavescroll in the space left blank, and corner beads.
Titles, initials, and marginalia in red ink; in some places faded and rewritten.
Layoutff. 226r–257v Written area: 160 × 95 mm ff. 258r–260v Written area: 180 × 105 mm ff. 261r–276v Written area: 165/170 × 90/95 mm ff. 277r–316v Written area: 160 × 95 mm ff. 317r–377r Written area: 160/165 × 90 mm f. 378v Written area: 180 × 105 mm ff. 379r–394v Written area: 170 × 100 mm ff. 395r–396r Written area: 180/190 × 110 mm ff. 396v–398v Written area: 170/180 × 95 mm ff. 399r–402r Written area: 155/160 × 95 mm ff. 403r–437r Written area: 165/170 × 100 mm ff. 437v–440v Written area: 180/185 × 105/115 mm ff. 441r–448v Written area: 180 × 110 mm ff. 449r–456v Written area: 180/200 × 105/110 mm
Inboard binding covered in stained brown calfskin. Sewn on five supports. Stuck-on endbands in brown and reddish-brown. Blue edges. Binding title on spine: CODEX MS. GRAECUS. Gold-tooled decorations on spine compartments, bands, and board edges. The same kind of tooling is found on books bound by Johan Nilsson Norman, who was active as a bookbinder in Stockholm 1693–1723 and was employed as bookbinder to the King’s Library 1700–1714. Cf. Hedberg (1949–1960) vol. 1, pp. 301–303, ..
Binding dimensions: 230 × 170 × 60 mm
The volume was, together with its sister volume, Ups. Gr. 28A, written in the mid-14th c., based on the watermarks and the handwriting (partly in ‘Metochitesstil’). As it is an extensive composite of several autonomous units, it is not unlikely that the production was stretched out over a longer period of time. The following units were, according to Dieter Harlfinger, probably the earliest (1440s): units 1 and 5 in Ups. Gr. 28A together with units 9 and 12 in Ups. Gr. 28B; cf. Karlsson (1981) pp. 24–28.. Dieter Harlfinger has suggested that, on the basis of the contents as well as the handwriting, the main scribe is likely to have been a pupil of Thomas Magister and Nicephorus Gregoras; he first proposed that Scribe A might be Demetrius Cydones, in which case we would have a geographical connection to Constantinople . In an addendum, though, this assumption was corrected into an identification of Scribe A as Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria (Karlsson (1981) p. 32.). This still supports a close connection to the intellectual milieu around Nicephorus Gregoras, to whom Philotheos Metropolitan of Selymbria supposedly was a pupil but later turned against (cf. the anathema preserved in autograph in the Register of the Patriarchate, Vindob. Cod. Hist gr. 47).
The manuscript was acquired in Istanbul by Claes Rålamb, who was the Royal Swedish ambassador there in 1657–1658. Before that acquisition, the codex/codices (28A and 28B) had probably been in Europe for some time, judging from marginalia and Latin titles added in the fifteenth century. In the late sixteenth century it was part of Mattias I Corvinus King of Hungary’s library in Poland, according to the very accurate description of its contents given in a letter from 1573 (Karlsson (1981) p. 30.). How and when it returned to Istanbul in between is not known.